All Aria Attributes for Web Development Accessibility – Library

In the world of web development, ensuring universal access is required. ARIA (Accessible Rich Internet Applications) attributes are key players in this mission. This blog is your go-to library, offering developers a swift reference for essential ARIA attributes, quick descriptions, code examples, code snippets for easy implementation.

Why ARIA Attributes Matter: Accessibility isn’t just a choice; it’s a legal requirement. Using ARIA attributes is crucial for inclusive web applications, especially for users relying on assistive tools like screen readers. Compliance with accessibility standards is increasingly enforced, with penalties for major sector websites failing to meet these requirements.

What to Expect: In this blog article, we will provide a quick reference to all ARIA attributes, offering brief descriptions for each and accompanying code snippets. Explore a curated list of ARIA attributes designed to enhance user experience. With this guide, developers can seamlessly integrate ARIA attributes, promoting a digital landscape where everyone, regardless of ability, can engage effortlessly.

Embark on this journey to harness the power of ARIA attributes, creating a web space that truly belongs to all.

1. aria-atomic:

When dynamic updates occur, set “aria-atomic” to “true” to treat the entire region as a single unit. This ensures that screen readers announce changes cohesively, providing a seamless and comprehensible experience.

The “aria-atomic” attribute is particularly useful when there are updates within a container, and you want screen readers to perceive the changes as a whole, preventing disjointed announcements.

This attribute is beneficial in scenarios where partial updates might lead to confusion, and you want to ensure that assistive technologies convey the information in a way that makes sense to users.

For example, if you have a live region with dynamically changing content, applying “aria-atomic=’true'” ensures that the entire content is treated as a single update, providing a more cohesive experience for users relying on screen readers.

Remember, judicious use of “aria-atomic” contributes to a more inclusive and user-friendly web experience for everyone.

    <div aria-atomic="true">
        <!-- Content that updates dynamically -->

2. aria-busy:

To give users insight into ongoing operations, use “aria-busy” to indicate when an element is busy or loading. This attribute enhances user feedback and overall experience.

The “aria-busy” attribute is crucial for providing users with information about background processes, ensuring transparency and a more engaging user experience.

When an element is marked as “aria-busy=’true'”, assistive technologies can convey to users that the associated content is currently being loaded, processed, or is in a state of activity.

This attribute is especially beneficial for asynchronous operations, such as fetching data from a server or performing complex calculations. It helps users understand that the application is actively working on their request.

By incorporating “aria-busy” appropriately, you contribute to a more transparent and inclusive web experience for users across various abilities.

    <div aria-busy="true">
        <!-- Content being loaded or processed -->

3. aria-checked:

Optimize the accessibility of checkboxes, radio buttons, and widgets by employing “aria-checked” to convey their current “checked” state to assistive technologies.

The “aria-checked” attribute is essential for conveying the status of checkboxes and radio buttons to users relying on screen readers or other assistive technologies.

By setting “aria-checked=’true'” or “aria-checked=’false'”, you provide a clear indication of whether an option is selected or not, ensuring that users receive accurate information about the state of interactive elements.

Use “aria-checked” in conjunction with checkboxes and radio buttons to create an inclusive and user-friendly experience, allowing all users to interact with and understand the status of selectable options.

Consider the context of your application and use “aria-checked” judiciously to enhance the overall accessibility of your interface.

    <input type="checkbox" aria-checked="true">

4. aria-describedby:

Create a seamless flow of information by linking elements to additional descriptions with “aria-describedby”. This example associates a button with a tooltip, providing supplementary information.

The “aria-describedby” attribute establishes a relationship between an element and a description, enhancing the accessibility of your interface by providing additional context or information.

When a user interacts with an element, the content referenced by the “aria-describedby” attribute is announced by assistive technologies, giving users more information about the purpose or function of the element.

For example, if you have a button with associated help text, you can use “aria-describedby” to connect the button to the additional information, ensuring that users receive comprehensive details about the button’s functionality.

Integrating “aria-describedby” thoughtfully contributes to a more inclusive and user-friendly experience, particularly for users who may benefit from additional context or clarification.

    <button aria-describedby="tooltip1">Click me</button>
    <div id="tooltip1">Additional information for the button</div>

5. aria-disabled:

Clearly communicate the disabled state of an element with “aria-disabled”, ensuring a consistent user experience, especially for interactive elements.

The “aria-disabled” attribute is essential for conveying the disabled status of interactive elements to users of assistive technologies, preventing confusion and ensuring a consistent experience.

When an element is marked as “aria-disabled=’true'”, it signals to users that the associated functionality is currently unavailable or inactive.

Use “aria-disabled” with buttons, form elements, or other interactive components to provide clear feedback to users, especially in situations where certain features or actions are temporarily disabled.

By incorporating “aria-disabled” appropriately, you contribute to a more predictable and accessible web experience for users with varying abilities.

    <button aria-disabled="true">Disabled Button</button>

6. aria-dropeffect:

Facilitate accessible drag-and-drop interactions by using “aria-dropeffect” to describe the effect when a dragged object is released.

The “aria-dropeffect” attribute enhances the usability of drag-and-drop interfaces by indicating the possible outcomes when a dragged object is released over a drop target.

For example, if you have a container that accepts dropped content and you want to communicate that the content will be copied, use “aria-dropeffect=’copy'”.

Integrating “aria-dropeffect” appropriately provides valuable information to users interacting with drag-and-drop functionality, creating a more accessible and predictable experience.

Consider the specific drag-and-drop interactions in your application and use “aria-dropeffect” to communicate the potential outcomes to all users.

    <div aria-dropeffect="copy">
        <!-- Content that accepts drop operations -->

7. aria-expanded:

Improve the accessibility of widgets like tree views by using “aria-expanded” to indicate whether they are expanded or collapsed.

The “aria-expanded” attribute is valuable for conveying the state of expandable/collapsible elements, such as tree view nodes or dropdown menus.

When an element is expanded, set “aria-expanded=’true'”, and when it’s collapsed, set “aria-expanded=’false'”.

Users relying on assistive technologies can then understand and navigate the hierarchy of your interface with clarity.

Ensure to use “aria-expanded” judiciously to accurately reflect the state of expandable elements and enhance the overall accessibility of your user interface.

    <button aria-expanded="true" aria-controls="collapse-content">
        Toggle Content

8. aria-haspopup:

Elevate the user experience by utilizing “aria-haspopup” to indicate that an element triggers a popup menu, dialog, or tooltip when interacted with. This attribute aids in providing users with valuable context about interactive elements.

The “aria-haspopup” attribute is beneficial for signaling to users that activating an element will result in the display of additional content, such as a menu or dialog.

When an element has a popup associated with it, set “aria-haspopup=’true'” to inform users about the interactive behavior.

Use “aria-controls” in conjunction with “aria-haspopup” to establish a relationship between the triggering element and the popup content.

    <button aria-haspopup="true" aria-controls="popup-menu">
        Open Menu
    <div id="popup-menu"> <!-- Popup menu content --> </div>

9. aria-hidden:

Control the visibility of elements to assistive technologies with “aria-hidden”. This attribute is valuable when you need to hide decorative or redundant content from screen readers while still maintaining its visual presence.

The “aria-hidden” attribute allows you to control whether an element should be announced by screen readers or not.

Set “aria-hidden=’true'” to hide an element from assistive technologies, and “aria-hidden=’false'” to make it accessible.

This attribute is useful for decorative elements, icons, or other content that may not contribute meaningfully to the user experience when read aloud.

Use “aria-hidden” responsibly to balance visual design with accessibility requirements.

    <div aria-hidden="true">
        <!-- Decorative or redundant content not announced by screen readers -->

10. aria-invalid:

Improve user interaction by utilizing “aria-invalid” to indicate whether the user input for a form element is valid. This attribute is particularly useful for alerting users to errors in real-time.

The “aria-invalid” attribute is essential for enhancing the accessibility of form validation feedback, especially for users relying on screen readers.

When user input is invalid, set “aria-invalid=’true'” on the form field, and associate a relevant error message using “aria-describedby”.

By doing so, you provide clear and timely information to users about the nature of the error, fostering a more inclusive user experience.

Always ensure that error messages are concise, descriptive, and assist users in correcting their input.

    <input type="text" aria-invalid="true" aria-describedby="error-message">
    <div id="error-message">Please enter a valid value.</div>

11. aria-label:

Enhance accessibility by providing a concise label for an element when a visible label is not present. Use “aria-label” to ensure that users with assistive technologies receive meaningful information.

The “aria-label” attribute is crucial for elements that require a label but do not have visible text content.

When using “aria-label”, provide a succinct and descriptive label that conveys the purpose or function of the element to users relying on screen readers.

Common use cases for “aria-label” include icon buttons, custom controls, or standalone interactive elements.

Ensure that the label you provide through “aria-label” is equivalent to what a sighted user would understand from the visible content.

    <button aria-label="Close">X</button>

12. aria-labelledby:

Establish a relationship between an element and its label by employing “aria-labelledby”. This attribute points to the IDs of elements that serve as labels, ensuring a clear association.

The “aria-labelledby” attribute is particularly useful when an element’s label is provided by one or more visible or invisible elements on the page.

Set “aria-labelledby” with the IDs of the labeling elements, and screen readers will announce the content of those elements as the label for the associated element.

This attribute enhances the accessibility of complex interfaces with multiple pieces of related information or descriptive content.

Always ensure that the labeled elements have semantic relevance to the associated element to provide meaningful context to users.

    <div id="title">Product Details</div>
    <div aria-labelledby="title">
        <!-- Content related to product details -->

13. aria-live:

Enable dynamic content updates to be announced to users by using “aria-live”. This attribute is particularly valuable when content changes dynamically, ensuring that users receive timely information.

The value of “aria-live” can be set to different values based on the urgency of the content updates. For example, “off” indicates that updates should not be announced, “polite” requests that user agents announce updates at the next convenient time, and “assertive” instructs user agents to announce updates immediately.

    <div aria-live="assertive">
        <!-- Dynamic content updates announced immediately -->

14. aria-multiline:

Facilitate user input by indicating whether a text box or similar element should support multiple lines of input. Use “aria-multiline” to enhance the user experience of multiline text areas.

This attribute is particularly useful when dealing with text areas where users are expected to input longer portions of text. Setting “aria-multiline” to “true” informs assistive technologies that the input can span multiple lines.

    <textarea aria-multiline="true"></textarea>

15. aria-multiselectable:

Enhance the functionality of lists or grids by specifying whether multiple items can be selected simultaneously. Utilize “aria-multiselectable” to create more versatile and user-friendly interfaces.

For lists or grids where users can make multiple selections at the same time, set “aria-multiselectable” to “true.” This allows users to interact with and select multiple items concurrently.

    <ul role="listbox" aria-multiselectable="true">
        <!-- List items that can be selected simultaneously -->

16. aria-orientation:

Tailor the experience of sliders or scrollbars by defining their orientation with “aria-orientation”. This attribute informs assistive technologies whether the slider or scrollbar is horizontal or vertical, enhancing user understanding.

When implementing sliders or scrollbars, use “aria-orientation” to convey whether the element is oriented horizontally or vertically. This information assists users in navigating and interacting with the content.

    <input type="range" aria-orientation="vertical">

17. aria-pressed:

Enhance the accessibility of toggle buttons by using “aria-pressed” to indicate their current “pressed” state. This attribute is valuable for conveying the status of toggleable elements.

For buttons that can be toggled on or off, set “aria-pressed” to “true” when the button is pressed or in the active state. This provides users with clear feedback about the current status of the button.

    <button aria-pressed="true">
        Toggle On

18. aria-readonly:

Communicate whether an element is in a read-only state with “aria-readonly”. This attribute is particularly useful for informing users when they cannot modify the content of an element.

When presenting content that users can view but not modify, set “aria-readonly” to “true.” This alerts users that the content is read-only and helps in managing user expectations.

    <textarea aria-readonly="true">
        <!-- Read-only text content -->

19. aria-required:

Use “aria-required” to indicate that user input is mandatory on an element. This attribute is crucial for providing clear instructions to users and promoting form completion.

When designing forms, set “aria-required” to “true” for input fields that require user input. This informs users that the associated input is mandatory for successful form submission.

    <input type="text" aria-required="true">

20. aria-selected:

Optimize the accessibility of selectable elements within lists by utilizing “aria-selected”. This attribute indicates whether an option or item in a list is currently selected.

When dealing with lists where users can make selections, set “aria-selected” to “true” for the items that are currently selected. This provides users with a clear visual indication of their choices.

    <li role="option" aria-selected="true">Item 1</li


21. aria-sort:

Enhance the usability of sortable table columns by defining the sort order with “aria-sort”. This attribute communicates whether a column is currently sorted and the sorting direction.

For tables with sortable columns, set “aria-sort” to indicate the current sorting status. Values like “ascending,” “descending,” and “none” can be used to convey the sorting direction.

    <th aria-sort="ascending">
        Column Header

22. aria-valuemax:

Define the maximum allowed value for range widgets with “aria-valuemax”. This attribute is essential for providing information about the upper limit of a range.

When working with range inputs, set “aria-valuemax” to specify the maximum allowed value. This assists users in understanding the range and setting appropriate values.

    <input type="range" aria-valuemax="100">

23. aria-valuemin:

Set the minimum allowed value for range widgets using “aria-valuemin”. This attribute communicates the lower limit of the range.

Similarly, for range inputs, use “aria-valuemin” to define the minimum allowed value. This information guides users in understanding the range and making appropriate selections.

    <input type="range" aria-valuemin="0">

24. aria-valuenow:

Dynamically communicate the current value of range widgets with “aria-valuenow”. This attribute ensures that users are informed about the current position or setting.

When dealing with range inputs that can be adjusted by users, set “aria-valuenow” to indicate the current value. This provides real-time feedback on the selected position.

    <input type="range" aria-valuenow="50">

25. aria-valuetext:

Enhance the accessibility of range widgets by providing a human-readable text alternative for the current value with “aria-valuetext”. This attribute is particularly beneficial for conveying complex or non-numeric values.

When dealing with ranges where numeric values might not fully convey meaning, use “aria-valuetext” to provide a descriptive, human-readable alternative. This ensures a more inclusive user experience.

    <input type="range" aria-valuetext="Medium">

Hello, I am an enthusiastic Adobe Community Advisor and a seasoned Lead AEM Developer. I am currently serving as an AEM Technical Lead at, bringing over a decade of extensive web engineering experience and more than eight years of practical AEM experience to the table. My goal is to give back to the AEM Full Stack Development community by sharing my wealth of knowledge with others. You can connect with me on LinkedIn.

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